JNS.jpgThe January issue of the Journal of the Neurological Sciences Vol 445 is now available online.


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Issue highlights

Research Article

Sex-dependent outcomes of recanalization-treated acute ischemic stroke patients at Shamir (Assaf Harofeh) medical center, Israel, 2011–2020

Kimiagar et al.

Published online: May 8, 2023

Sex-based differences in incidence, etiologies, severity and recanalization treatment outcomes of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) have been studied extensively. We set out to determine if there were sex-based differences in outcomes among AIS patients who received recanalization treatments at Shamir (Assaf Harofeh) Medical Center (SMC), Israel, between 2011 and 2020.

While treated women presented with more severe AIS and more risk factors, we did not find significant sex-related differences in outcomes. Meticulous adherence to risk factor modification remains the best strategy to reduce stroke incidence, morbidity, and mortality in women and in men.

Research Article

Identifying specific myelopathy etiologies in the evaluation of suspected myelitis: A retrospective analysis

Alkabie et al.

Published online: May 12, 2023

Myelopathies require prompt etiologic diagnosis. We aimed to identify a specific myelopathy diagnosis in cases of suspected myelitis to highlight clinicoradiologic differences.

In this retrospective, single-centre cohort of subjects with suspected myelitis referred to London Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Clinic between 2006 and 2021, we identified those with MS and reviewed the remaining charts for etiologic diagnosis based on clinical, serologic, and imaging details.

Although no single feature reliably confirms or refutes a specific myelopathy diagnosis, this study highlights patterns that narrow the differential diagnosis of myelitis and facilitate early recognition of mimics.

Research Article | Open Access

Histopathological reaction in the vestibule after cochlear implantation in Macaca fascicularis.

Manrique-Huarte et al.

Published online: May 11, 2023

Cochlear implantation surgery (CI) is considered a safe procedure and is the standard treatment for the auditory rehabilitation in patients with severe-to-profound sensorineural hearing loss. Although the development of minimally traumatic surgical concepts (MTSC) have enabled the preservation of residual hearing after the implantation, there is scarce literature regarding the vestibular affection following MTCS.

The aim of the study is to analyze histopathologic changes in the vestibule after CI in an animal model (Macaca fascicularis). Cochlear implantation was performed successfully in 14 ears following MTCS.

Research Article

Associations between cognitive function and a range of significant life events in an elderly essential tremor cohort study

Berry et al.

Published online: May 11, 2023

Although essential tremor (ET) is associated with cognitive decline, we know little about how specific cognitive changes predict significant events in patients' lives. We examined the relations of attention, executive function, language, memory, and visuospatial performance to the occurrence of near falls, falls, walking aid use, home health aide use, non-independent living and hospitalizations within a prospective, longitudinal study of ET cases. We expected executive function and memory to be most strongly associated with these events.

The data establisesh the important role that cognitive decline, and executive function specifically, play in the experiences of ET patients. Moreover, these associations are of sufficient magnitude to have significant clinical implications.