JNS.jpgThe DECEMBER issue of the Journal of the Neurological Sciences Vol 431 is now available online.

 

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Issue highlights

Facial skin temperature in acute stroke patients with delirium - A pilot study

Facial skin temperature depends strongly on blood flow in small blood vessels in the skin. These are regulated by the sympathetic part of the autonomic nervous system. Delirium may pathophysiologically be associated to changes in the sympathetic part of the autonomic nervous system.

In this observational study, we evaluated the influence of various exogenous and endogenous covariables on the regional facial temperatures in acute stroke patients with and without delirium.


Feasibility and effectiveness appraisal of a neurology residency health equities curriculum

Despite increasing awareness of inequities in healthcare in neurology, health equity is not a core competency of neurology training. To meet this need, we implemented a health equities curriculum for neurology residents at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania.

A seven-lecture health equities curriculum was implemented during the 2019–2020 academic year. Surveys were distributed pre-and post-curriculum to assess resident demographics, previous training in health equities, curriculum effectiveness addressing health equities topics, and resident appraisal of the curriculum.


Intrathecal methotrexate – Another tool for the treatment of refractory autoimmune encephalitis - Single institution cohort and literature review

Autoimmune encephalitis (AIE) encompasses a range of inflammatory disorders manifesting with some combination of encephalopathy, seizures, behavioral changes, movement disorders, dysautonomia or other neurologic symptoms. Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis (NMDARE) is the most common AIE and is an autoantibody mediated disorder, often paraneoplastic. Untreated or undertreated AIE has a high degree of morbidity and mortality.

Immunosuppressive treatment regimens including glucocorticoids, plasma exchange (PLEX), intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and rituximab used alone or in combination for such patients. Patients' refractory to such treatments requires more aggressive and potentially toxic therapies.

This retrospective review demonstrates the efficacy of intrathecal methotrexate in the treatment of severe AIE who had failed other immunosuppressive regimens.


Age at onset predicts outcome in aquaporin-4-IgG positive neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder from a United Kingdom population

There are few studies exploring the prognostic factors in patients with aquaporin-4 (AQP4)-IgG positive neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD).

This study assesses the predictors of outcome in patients with AQP4-antibody positive NMOSD from a United Kingdom (UK) population in a retrospective study of 52 patients from 2 neuroscience centres in the UK Midlands.